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Information icon Communities are responsible for submitting requests for proclamations and City Hall and Burrard Street Bridge illuminations. Communities may choose to do more to observe or celebrate their dates, and this is at the discretion and resourcing of the community group. For example, see the International Holocaust Remembrance Day video External website, opens in new tab produced by the Jewish community of Vancouver.

Read more. Read about International Holocaust Remembrance Day In , the U. General Assembly designated January 27 — the anniversary of the liberation of the largest Nazi concentration and death camp Auschwitz-Birkenau where over 6,, innocents were systematically murdered — as International Holocaust Remembrance Day IHRD. January marked the 75th anniversary of liberation in The U. Canada offers refuge and new hope to immigrants, refugees, and survivors, some of whom have escaped more recent genocides — and it is a place where people can learn from each other and share cultures.

Antisemitism is on the rise around the world, in Canada, and in Vancouver. Hatred has flourished in the digital age. It is more important than ever that the lessons learned and horrors of the Holocaust remain present in the public consciousness so they are never repeated.

As we reflect upon that dark period in history and remember the atrocities perpetrated during the Holocaust, Vancouver has the opportunity to join with the Jewish community and all of our citizens, and Canadians from all walks of life in demonstrating our commitment to stand against antisemitism, hate, and genocide. To commemorate this day and to create greater public understanding and awareness of this horrific period in history between , the City of Vancouver proclaims January 27 as International Holocaust Remembrance Day.

Read about Day of Remembrance and Action on Islamophobia On January 29, , a white gunman entered the Islamic Cultural Centre mosque in Quebec City and opened fire on dozens of Muslim worshippers. By the time the shooting had ended, six people had been tragically killed and 19 more were injured. Muslim communities across Canada were, and continue to be, affected by this and other acts of hate, racism, white supremacy, and islamophobia – including the anti-Islam rally planned for August 19, , outside Vancouver City Hall.

Many municipalities across Canada also commemorate the events of January 29 with their Muslim community partners, and there is a nation-wide campaign External website, opens in new tab for the federal government to recognize the day nationally. Lunar New Year is a traditional holiday celebrated by the Chinese, Vietnamese, and Korean communities. The holiday runs from the last day of the last month of the lunar calendar until the Lantern Festival on the 15th day of the first month, making it the longest holiday in the lunar calendar.

Windows and doors of homes and offices are often decorated with red color paper-cuts and couplets with popular themes of „good fortune” or „happiness,” „wealth,” and „longevity.

Black History Month is an opportunity to share the history, contributions, and culture of Black Canadians. In , nearly free Black people left the oppressive racial conditions of San Francisco for a new life on Vancouver Island. Though faced with intense discrimination, these pioneers enriched the political, religious, and economic life of the colony. Many from that initial group have contributed notably to BC life:. In , the decision to expand the highway system through Vancouver resulted in the expropriation of land and buildings in this area to make way for the construction of the Georgia and Dunsmuir Viaducts, resulting in the loss of homes and businesses.

The Black community was uprooted from this area and an identifiable Black neighbourhood has not re-emerged in Vancouver. Ask, or enter a search term below. Audit Assistant Get the information you need. Search Help Topics: TaxAct Software Updates.

Your request has been submitted. Also, it is commonly associated with safety, visibility, and protection. It is the lead campaign of National Bullying Prevention Month.

Canada and the U. Encourage them to be kids against bullying! Have a bullying-related story to tell? Let others, kids included, know what happened and how it impacted you.

Inspire others to speak out about such behavior. Orange has been designated the prime color for this day. Show your support for the cause by putting on something orange. The National Center for Education Statistics says one in five students aged 12 to 18 have been bullied in school, with the most common type being verbal harassment followed by social harassment, as per the Youth Truth Student Survey.

Females gang up on weaker females while competing over resources; the lower ranking ones then exhibit stress symptoms and have lower reproductive success than their higher-ranking group mates. Not only do we raise our voices, collectively, but we also encourage positive behaviors with this campaign.

By getting everyone from adults to organizations involved, this event penetrates the very fabric of our communities. The day makes it very easy for people around the U. People can wear orange, participate in activities, and speak about their own experiences. In doing so, we show students they are not alone and that they have an entire community supporting them.

We keep track of fun holidays and special moments on the cultural calendar — giving you exciting activities, deals, local events, brand promotions, and other exciting ways to celebrate. Holiday survey data is powered by TOP Agency. Skip to content View the calendar. Today Thursday.

October 6. National Physician Assistant Week. Catholic Children Christian. Egypt: Armed Forces Day. Civic Historical Military. Honduras: Discovery of America Day. Civic Historical. Inbox Zero Day. The IRS will automatically waive all interest and penalties. Note: If you need additional time beyond May 17 to file your return, you still need to file an extension.

State deadlines vary: State deadlines are not automatically adjusted because of t his extension, but it is likely that most states will change the state filing deadline. TaxAct is currently reviewingall states and will have updates as changes occur. Alabama has extended its tax deadline for individuals from April15, to May 17, This extension does not cover business tax returns or estimated tax payments due on April 15, Alaska has extended its tax deadline for corporate income taxes to June 16, Alaska does not have a state income tax for individuals.

Arizona has extended its tax deadline for individuals from April 15, to May 17, Arkansas has extended its tax deadline for individuals from April 15, to May 17, California has extended its tax deadline for individuals from April 15, to May 17, Colorado has extended its tax deadline for individuals from April 15, to May 17, Connecticut has extended its tax deadline for individuals from April 15, to May 17, Delaware has extended its tax deadline for individuals from April 15, to May 17, Georgia has extended its tax deadline for individuals from April 15, to May 17, Hawaii has decided to not extend its tax filing deadline.

State tax returns for Hawaii residents are due April 20,


Unity day vancouver canada 2020 taxact 2020 calendar. House Publications

software update is available for different products of TaxAct. Download your updated tax preparation software and start filing with your taxes now. Dec 08,  · December 8, Unity Days: The Convention is back by popular demand for its 4th year! Join fans and the cast of The for an immersive weekend with panels, meet . Georgia has extended its tax deadline for individuals from April 15, to May 17, This extension does not cover business tax returns or estimated tax payments due on April 15, .


Unity Software Inc. (Form: S-1, Received: 08/24/ )


This summary does not contain all of the information you should consider before investing in our common stock. We believe the world is a better place with more creators in it. Creators, ranging from game developers to artists, architects, automotive designers, filmmakers and others, use Unity to make their imaginations come to life. Our platform provides a comprehensive set of software solutions to create, run and monetize interactive, real-time 2D and 3D content for mobile phones, tablets, PCs, consoles, and augmented and virtual reality devices.

As of June 30, , we had approximately 1. The applications developed by these creators were downloaded over three billion times per month in on over 1.

Content built on the Unity platform offers end-users a fundamentally more engaging and immersive experience than traditional static content. Content made with Unity is interactive, allowing end-users to connect with the content and with one another. Content made with Unity is real-time, allowing it to instantly adapt to end-user behavior and feedback. Content made with Unity allows graphics to be expressed with 3D shape and depth, permitting multiple viewing angles, and enabling augmented and virtual reality.

Real-time is not just a part of the end-user experience. Building content on Unity offers creators significant advantages in development compared to traditional content creation tools.

Creators can visualize and iterate on their 2D and 3D creations in real-time and collaborate with each other to edit content simultaneously.

This can lead to significant reductions in design and development cycle times. Improvements in computational power, greater connectivity and the proliferation of devices like smartphones, PCs and consoles have enabled an explosion of immersive and interactive content. The gaming industry has benefited enormously from these factors, with over 2. Unity has built its reputation in gaming, and our scale and reach in this industry are significant.

Unity games can be built once and deployed and operated across more than 20 platforms, including Windows, Mac, iOS, Android, PlayStation, Xbox, Nintendo Switch, and the leading augmented and virtual reality platforms, among. Table of Contents others. As gaming has proliferated, the business models for content have evolved beyond one-time purchases to include advertising and in-app purchases. Unity enables these new business models by providing creators with the solutions they need to easily run and monetize their content.

The dramatic growth of end-user demand for interactive content is driving industries beyond gaming to embrace the advantages of real-time 3D content. Creators are leveraging our platform to provide faster content creation and efficient deployment across formats and use cases. Today, Fortune and Global companies in industries such as architecture, engineering, construction, automotive, transportation, manufacturing, film, television and retail are using Unity across many new use cases, including automobile and building design, online and augmented reality product configurators, autonomous driving simulation, and augmented reality workplace safety training.

These new forms of content are emerging parts of our business and represent a significant opportunity for growth. Our platform consists of two distinct, but connected and synergistic sets of solutions. Our Operate Solutions offer customers the ability to grow and engage their end-user base, as well as run and monetize their content with the goal of optimizing end-user acquisition and operational costs while increasing the lifetime value of their end-users.

We offer our Create Solutions primarily through monthly subscriptions and our Operate Solutions primarily through revenue-share and usage-based models.

This allows us to generate revenue from our customers as they develop content and also as they succeed and grow. Subscriptions for our Create Solutions drive adoption of our Operate Solutions. We see significant opportunities to grow our business. Looking to the future, we believe there are large opportunities within and beyond the industries and use cases we currently serve that represent a market potential multiple times larger than our opportunity today.

We are investing aggressively in research and development and direct sales and marketing to support the expansion of our business in games and across multiple industries and use cases. We have experienced rapid growth. Technology has introduced digital cameras, lenses for capturing images at astonishing resolutions and powerful software tools that allow creators to edit and manipulate images with limitless possibilities.

Still, the basic processes and technology related to content and content creation revolve around building 2D, asynchronous, non-interactive, static content.

The world is changing. Gaming is now the fastest growing category in media with over 2. Interactive, real-time 3D is:. Interactive: allowing end-users from around the world to connect with immersive content as well as one another.

Real-Time: allowing content to be rendered at up to photorealistic images per second on a digital display. Display pixels can be drawn and redrawn as fast as the human eye can see, rendering content that is instantly responsive to end-user actions and appears lifelike.

An end-user can virtually pick up an object, look underneath, move it around and enjoy an entirely new and unique experience, all in the same environment. The opportunities of augmented and virtual reality are only made possible through 3D. Interactive, real-time 3D is also driving innovation in the content creation process. For example, with real-time technology, creators can live-edit the characteristics of objects in games and applications they design, and these changes can be rendered and displayed faster than the blink of an eye.

This instantaneous adaptation allows for creators to simultaneously create and visualize, simplifying the creative process and making collaborative content development more seamless and efficient. While interactive, real-time 3D has fueled the rise of gaming, the opportunities for this technology and the benefits for creators are impacting many other industries as well.

For example, architects, designers and project partners use real-time 3D to simultaneously contribute to the planning and development of a building with rapid, cost-effective iteration. Similarly, real-time 3D technology is driving efficiencies in car development and sales cycles, allowing for interactive, life-like models of cars to be rendered in real-time. In film, real-time 3D technology allows a creator to edit and review a scene instantly, rather than waiting days for server farms to fully render a digital scene.

Across these industries and more, our solutions and technology are unlocking new forms of creativity and cost-efficiency that are impossible with traditional tools. Technology now enables creators to develop immersive, interactive content in real-time.

These advancements, which are raising expectations from end-users across industries, are driven by:. Advances in graphics processing units, or GPUs, have unlocked a broad variety of high-fidelity real-time 3D content that was previously available only on select high-performance computers and consoles.

In parallel, platform and device capabilities are increasing. More recent versions of PCs, consoles and mobile devices enable augmented and virtual reality, which is expected to drive increased demand for real-time 3D content, and also contribute to increased expectations for new types of real-time 3D content. Distribution: With pervasive streaming and cloud-based content delivery replacing physical forms of distribution, content is now available, on-demand and instantly, and the need to visit retail stores to acquire content is greatly reduced.

Connectivity: The proliferation of broadband wireless access is enabling end-users to interact with content and with one another from more locations and on more platforms, significantly increasing access to content. End-users have come to appreciate the value of interactive, real-time 3D content and increasingly expect similar immersive, interactive experiences across both personal media and commercial content.

Creators across a wide array of industries beyond gaming are using real-time 3D across new use cases, including automobile and building design, online and augmented reality product configurators, autonomous driving simulation and augmented reality workplace safety training, among others. Traditionally, the creation of high fidelity graphic experiences required the development or use of custom, disparate point solutions.

In order to build real-time 3D applications, large teams with many engineers would need to invest significant time and resources in the development of tools and technology in order to make even the most basic applications.

Building these tools from scratch is both very expensive and time consuming for creators. Today, to serve the increasing demand for real-time 3D content, creators need a comprehensive solution that allows them to efficiently build, run and monetize new applications to satisfy that demand.

Business and monetization models are also changing. For example, in gaming, traditional one-time purchase and downloadable content models are moving to free-to-play, which requires new monetization methods such as advertising and in-app purchases. Games have also increasingly migrated to live services models, hosted in the cloud and regularly updated for content and new features. These new business and monetization models require new technologies and new solutions.

Traditional content development is done on a per-platform basis, often requiring creators to recreate and recode content for each individual platform.

This problem is exacerbated by the. Table of Contents diversification and explosion in the number of devices and form factors. Creators require solutions that enable them to create content once and deploy it to multiple platforms seamlessly, without having to develop and test code specific to each platform or having to maintain highly specialized teams.

Our Market Opportunity. Looking to the future, we believe there are large opportunities within and beyond the industries and use cases we currently serve that are not captured by the above market opportunity estimates. Gaming: We believe there is a large future opportunity for Unity in gaming that is not captured by the above analysis.

We believe we can expand the applicability of our platform to creators with new solutions we are designing for the future, such as assisted artistry workflows, higher performance rendering capabilities and additions to our Operate Solutions.

Industries Beyond Gaming: There are 37 million engineers and technicians, based on data published by Cambashi in April , who we believe could be additional users of various current and future products that comprise our platform. Our Solution. Our platform includes our Create Solutions and Operate Solutions, which complement each other and together provide a comprehensive set of solutions that enable our customers to create, run and monetize their content across a broad range of third-party content distribution platforms.

Our Create Solutions are used to create, edit, run and deploy real-time 2D, as well as high definition, real-time 3D content. Our products include custom scripting tools and a high-definition render pipeline for developers; graphics, animation and audio tools for artists; and navigation, networking and user interface tools for designers.

Our Operate Solutions offer customers the ability to grow and engage their user bases, and to run and monetize their content irrespective of whether the content was created in Unity. Our end-user engagement products, such as deltaDNA, provide developers with the capability to perform deep analytics to optimize end-user engagement and behavior. Finally, we also offer solutions to simplify the delivery of content and provide back-end management, such as Multiplay for multiplayer hosting in games, or Vivox to enable player-to-player communications in games.

Our platform delivers numerous benefits to creators across organizations of all sizes. These benefits include:. Create Once and Deploy Anywhere. Creators use Unity to create once and deploy anywhere. Without writing any platform-specific code, creators can deploy their games and applications on more than 20 platforms, ensuring their content reaches a broad audience.

The Unity platform provides creators of varied backgrounds and levels of expertise a comprehensive set of solutions to meet their needs in creating, operating and monetizing their content across platforms. For example, a team of content creators can use our real-time 2D and 3D Create Solutions rendering tools to develop a high-fidelity application with a massive virtual world.

The creators can then use our Operate Solutions to host their application, grow and engage their end-user base and run and monetize their content. Together, our solutions serve the entire lifecycle of a game or application, and the needs of its creators, through a single platform. Access to Leading Technology. We offer creators leading edge technology that keeps pace with each major new hardware platform, allowing them to focus on creating content rather than working to keep pace with dozens of rapidly evolving specifications and capabilities.

We continue to invest to ensure our platform best leverages the capabilities of these rapidly evolving platforms to serve the future development and operational needs of content creators. Our Competitive Strengths. We believe that we have a number of competitive strengths that will enable our market leadership to grow. Our competitive strengths include:. Our Platform. Our core competitive strength is the breadth and depth of our platform. We offer a comprehensive set of solutions to create, run and monetize real-time 3D games and applications.

Creators can. Table of Contents onboard through any of our solutions and leverage our platform to serve their needs at every stage of growth. As a result of the strength of our platform, as of June 30, , we had a global reach of over two billion monthly active end-users, who consume content created or operated with our solutions on over 20 platforms. We saw an average of more than 15, new projects each day in the first half of We are the market leader for the creation of all types of video games, ranging from games developed by the largest global publishers, including AAA studios, to games developed by mid-sized, small and independent developers and freelancers.

Ninety-three of the top game development studios by global revenue in were Unity customers. We see significant opportunities for expansion within these existing customers through increased Create Solutions subscriptions and additional adoption of our Operate Solutions.

Games developed on the Unity platform recorded an average of over eight billion hours of gameplay per month in the six months ended June 30, Many of the most successful games across the globe were developed using Unity. Our market-leading position and reputation for innovation support our ability to recruit highly talented software engineers and developers. Additionally, although the significant majority of our revenue growth has been organic, we have completed over a dozen acquisitions to date.

Acquisitions have primarily included smaller teams with specific product expertise. Our Applifier, deltaDNA, Finger Food, Multiplay, and Vivox acquisitions brought greater functionality into our platform, added key innovation talent to our team and furthered our goal of being the one-stop integrated platform for all creator needs. Extensive Data Footprint and Sophisticated Analytics. Our scale affords us access to a vast amount of end-user engagement and platform performance data.

We continuously capture and analyze valuable end-user behavior and application performance data from over 50 billion in-app events per day across over 20 different platforms as end-users interact with games and applications made with Unity. The Unity Creator Community.

Unity has a very large, active global community of real-time 3D creators, with approximately 1. We have a highly engaged base of creators, with users of our Unity Pro product spending an average of 4. In addition, within our creator base are a large number of students and independent learners, including those enrolled in high school and university classes.

We invest in providing student and school licenses as well as developing curriculum components, Unity-specific portions of academic programs and learning content to ensure students can learn and train on our software. With this knowledge and continuing education, students prepare for, and excel in, careers using real-time 3D and Unity. Table of Contents Our Growth Strategies. We are investing aggressively to strengthen our global leadership in gaming through continued investment in our products and solutions, continued subscription growth and product usage within existing customers, and expansion of our customer base across game publishers of all sizes.

In parallel, we are investing in the development of products, services and go-to-market strategies that serve industries beyond gaming, where we believe our long-term potential is many times greater than in gaming. Investing in Product Innovation for Growth. We will continue to innovate with new products, features and functionality. In addition, we will also continue to pursue acquisitions of products, teams and technologies that complement and expand the functionality of our platform, add to our technology expertise and bolster our leadership position by providing access to new customers or markets.

Growth within Existing Gaming Customers. We have opportunities to broaden our relationships with existing customers, by expanding our Create Solutions subscriptions, growing Operate Solutions usage and increasing the number of Unity solutions our customers use. We grow our subscriptions by expanding within and across multiple studios within a single publisher.

We also grow as our customers add additional Unity solutions. Growth in New Gaming Customers. Gaming continues to be the fastest growing segment of the media industry, and within this growing industry, customers of all sizes are increasingly looking to leverage third party tools to accelerate the development process.

Large global publishers, including AAA studios, increasingly find using Unity to be more efficient and productive than building proprietary technology in-house. Additionally, Unity enables mid-sized, small and independent developers and freelance artists to create and operate content where they would not otherwise have the resources to do so independently.

We continue to invest in the expansion of our Create Solutions and Operate Solutions to new industries such as architecture, engineering, construction, automotive, transportation, manufacturing, film, television and retail.

Our solutions drive content creation and operation around the globe. Leveraging our global reach, we will expand our self-serve and direct sales approach in each region to facilitate further penetration of our existing customers and growth with new customers. Table of Contents major European markets. We plan to extend the reach of these products to all markets to match our global footprint. Additionally, we will continue to explore the development of localized Create and Operate Solutions to address market-specific needs.

In China, for example, we have established a strong brand and local team to drive research and development as well as sales and marketing. We believe our localized approach and focus has driven, and will continue to drive the adoption of our solutions in this important market. Risk Factors Summary. You should carefully consider these risks before making an investment. Below are some of these risks, any one of which could materially adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations, and prospects.

We have a history of losses and may not achieve or sustain profitability in the future. We have a limited history operating our business at its current scale, and as a result, our past results may not be indicative of future operating performance. Our business depends on our ability to retain our existing customers and expand their use of our platform.

If we are unable to attract new customers, our business, financial condition and results of operations will be adversely affected. We derive a significant portion of our revenue from our Operate Solutions. If we fail to attract and retain Operate Solutions customers, our business and results of operations would be adversely affected. Operating system platform providers or application stores may change guidelines or technical requirements to require us or our customers to change data collection and privacy practices, business model or operations and practices, which could adversely impact our business.

If we are unable to further expand into new industries, or if our solutions for any new industry fail to achieve market acceptance, our growth and operating results could be adversely affected, and we may be required to reconsider our growth strategy.

Our business relies on strategic relationships with hardware, operating system, device, game console platforms and other technology providers. If we are unable to maintain favorable terms and conditions and business relations with respect to our strategic relationships, our business could be harmed. If we do not make our platform, including new versions or technology advancements, easier to use or properly train customers on how to use our platform and solutions, our ability to broaden the appeal of our platform and solutions and to increase our revenue could suffer.

Interruptions, performance problems or defects associated with our platform and solutions may adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

The markets in which we participate are competitive, and if we do not compete effectively, our business, financial condition and results of operations could be harmed. Table of Contents submitted to stockholders for approval. Furthermore, many of our current directors were appointed by our principal stockholders. If we are unable to adequately address these and other risks we face, our business may be harmed.

Channels for Disclosure of Information. Following the completion of this offering, we intend to announce material information to the public through filings with the SEC, the investor relations page on our website www. Any updates to the list of disclosure channels through which we will announce information will be posted on the investor relations page on our website.

Corporate Information. We were founded as Over the Edge Entertainment in Denmark in Our principal executive offices are located at 30 3rd St, San Francisco, California Our telephone number is Information contained on, or that can be accessed through, our website is not incorporated by reference into this prospectus, and you should not consider information on our website to be part of this prospectus.

Other trade names, trademarks, and service marks used in this prospectus are the property of their respective owners. Implications of Being an Emerging Growth Company. An emerging growth company may take advantage of reduced reporting requirements that are otherwise applicable generally to public companies.

These provisions include, but are not limited to:. Table of Contents We may take advantage of these provisions until the last day of our fiscal year following the fifth anniversary of the date of the first sale of our common stock in this offering. We have elected to take advantage of certain of the reduced disclosure obligations in the registration statement of which this prospectus is a part and may elect to take advantage of other reduced reporting requirements in future filings.

As a result, the information that we provide to our stockholders may be different than you might receive from other public reporting companies in which you hold equity interests. This provision allows an emerging growth company to delay the adoption of some accounting standards until those standards would otherwise apply to private companies. We have elected to use this extended transition period to enable us to comply with certain new or revised accounting standards that have different effective dates for public and private companies until the earlier of the date we i are no longer an emerging growth company or ii affirmatively and irrevocably opt out of the extended transition period provided in the JOBS Act.

As a result, our financial statements may not be comparable to companies that comply with new or revised accounting pronouncements as of public company effective dates.

Table of Contents The Offering. Common stock offered. Common stock to be outstanding after this offering. Option to purchase additional shares of common stock offered in this offering. Use of proceeds. Risk factors. Proposed NYSE trading symbol. Table of Contents The number of shares of our common stock that will be outstanding after this offering is based on ,, shares of our common stock including shares of our convertible preferred stock on an as-converted basis outstanding as of June 30, , and excludes:.

Our Plan and ESPP provide for annual automatic increases in the number of shares reserved thereunder. Unless otherwise indicated, the information in this prospectus assumes:. The following tables summarize our consolidated financial and other data. The summary consolidated statements of operations data for the years ended December 31, and and the summary consolidated balance sheet data as of December 31, have been derived from our audited consolidated financial statements included elsewhere in this prospectus.

The selected consolidated statements of operations data for the six months ended June 30, and and the selected consolidated balance sheet data as of June 30, have been derived from our unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements included elsewhere in this prospectus.

The unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared on the same basis as the annual consolidated financial statements, and in the opinion of management, reflect all adjustments, which include only normal recurring adjustments, necessary to present fairly our financial position and results of operations. The summary consolidated financial and other data in this section is not intended to replace our audited consolidated financial statements and the related notes and are qualified in their entirety by our audited consolidated financial statements and the related notes included elsewhere in this prospectus.

Our historical results are not necessarily indicative of our results in any future period. Consolidated Statements of Operations Data. Cost of revenue 1. Gross profit. Operating expenses. Research and development 1. Sales and marketing 1. General and administrative 1.

Total operating expenses. Loss from operations. Interest expense. Interest income and other income expense , net. Loss before provision for income taxes. Provision for income taxes. Net loss. Net loss per share, basic and diluted 2. Weighted-average shares used in computing net loss per share, basic and diluted 2.

Pro forma net loss per share, basic and diluted unaudited 2. Weighted-average shares used in computing pro forma net loss per share, basic and diluted unaudited 2. Dollar-based net expansion rate 4. Non-GAAP loss from operations 5. Free cash flow 5. Cost of revenue. Research and development. Sales and marketing.

General and administrative. Total stock-based compensation expense. See Note 13 to our consolidated financial statements included elsewhere in this prospectus for an explanation of the method used to calculate our basic and diluted net loss per share and the weighted-average number of shares used in the computation of the per share amounts. Our dollar-based net expansion rate as of a period end is calculated as current period revenue divided by prior period revenue.

Prior period revenue is the trailing month revenue measured as of such prior period end and includes revenue from all customers that contributed revenue during such trailing month period. Current period revenue is the trailing month revenue from these same customers as of the current period end. Our dollar-based net expansion rate includes the effect of any customer renewals, expansion, contraction and churn but excludes revenue from new customers in the current period.

Non-GAAP loss from operations and free cash flow are financial measures that are not calculated in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States U. Consolidated Balance Sheet Data. Working capital 4. Total assets. Deferred revenue, current and non-current. Total debt. Convertible preferred stock. Accumulated deficit.

We may also increase or decrease the number of shares we are offering. Similarly, each increase or decrease of 1. Working capital is defined as current assets less current liabilities. Investing in our common stock involves a high degree of risk.

The risks and uncertainties described below are not the only ones we face. Additional risks and uncertainties that we are unaware of, or that we currently believe are not material, may also become important factors that affect us. If any of the following risks occur, our business, financial condition, results of operations and prospects could be materially and adversely affected.

In that event, the price of our common stock could decline, and you could lose part or all of your investment. Risks Related to Our Business and Industry. We have experienced net losses in each period since inception.

While we have experienced significant revenue growth in recent periods, this growth rate may decline in future periods, and you should not rely on the revenue growth of any given prior period as an indication of our future performance.

We are not certain whether we will be able to sustain or increase our revenue or whether or when we will attain sufficient revenue to achieve or maintain profitability in the future. We also expect our costs and expenses to increase in future periods, which could negatively affect our future results of operations if our revenue does not increase by amounts sufficient to offset such costs and expenses. In particular, we intend to continue to make significant investments to grow our business in such areas as:.

Our efforts to grow our business may be costlier than we expect and may not result in increased revenue. Even if such investments increase our revenue, any such increase may not be enough to offset our increased operating expenses.

We may continue to incur significant losses in the future for a number of reasons, including the other risks described herein. If we are unable to maintain or increase. Table of Contents our revenue at a rate sufficient to offset the expected increase in our costs, our business, financial position and results of operations will be harmed, and we may not be able to achieve or maintain profitability, which could cause the value of our business and common stock to significantly decrease.

In recent years, we have significantly grown the scale of our business. For example, we launched the first of our Operate Solutions in , we expanded into augmented and virtual reality platforms in and industries beyond gaming in and we have acquired eight companies since the beginning of Accordingly, we have a limited history operating our business at its current scale and scope. You should not rely on our past results of operations as indicators of future performance.

You should consider and evaluate our prospects in light of the risks and uncertainties frequently encountered by growing companies in rapidly evolving markets. These risks and uncertainties include challenges in accurate financial planning as a result of limited historical data relevant to the current scale and scope of our business and the uncertainties resulting from having had a relatively limited time period in which to implement and evaluate our business strategies as compared to companies with longer operating histories.

Our future success depends on our ability to retain our existing customers and expand their use of our platform. An important component of our strategy is to broaden our relationships with existing customers. However, our customers have no obligation to renew their subscriptions for our Create Solutions, which are primarily one to three years in length, after they expire, and have no obligation to continue using our Operate Solutions, which are principally sold under revenue-share or usage-based models.

For us to maintain or improve our results of operations, it is important that our Create Solutions customers renew and expand their subscriptions with us and that our Operate Solutions customers continue using and expanding their use of our products. We invest in targeted sales and account-based marketing efforts to identify opportunities to grow use of our solutions within and across multiple studios within a single customer.

However, our efforts may not be successful despite the resources we devote to them. Even if one or several studios within a customer adopts our Create or Operate Solutions, other studios within that customer may choose to adopt different solutions or to continue to employ internally-developed solutions.

It is also important for us to cross-sell more Create Solutions to our Operate Solutions customers, as well as Operate Solutions to our Create Solutions customers. While we believe there are significant cross-selling opportunities between our Create and Operate Solutions, and that our Create and Operate Solutions work together synergistically, we have only recently focused our sales efforts on targeting cross-selling opportunities, and we cannot be sure that our efforts will be successful.

If we do not retain our existing customers or if our existing customers do not expand their use of our platform and purchase additional products or services from us, our revenue may not increase or may decline and our business, financial condition and results of operations may be harmed. Table of Contents If we are unable to attract new customers, our business, financial condition and results of operations will be adversely affected.

Our ability to increase our revenue will depend in part on our success in attracting new customers. Our success will depend to a substantial extent on the widespread adoption of our platform as an alternative to existing platforms, including internally developed products developed by large gaming companies. As our market matures, our platform evolves and competitors introduce free, lower cost or differentiated products that compete with our platform, our ability to market our platform and solutions could be impaired.

Similarly, our sales efforts could be adversely impacted if customers and their end-users perceive that features incorporated into competitive platforms or their own technologies reduce the relevance or attractiveness of our platform.

Gaming companies that have invested significant development efforts in their own internally-generated technologies may be reluctant to replace their technologies with our platform unless they perceive our platform as offering significant incremental long-term benefits.

Any decrease in user satisfaction with our platform or customer support would also harm our brand and word-of-mouth referrals, which in turn would hamper our ability to attract new customers.

As a result of these and other factors, we may be unable to attract new customers, which may have an adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations. A majority of our Operate Solutions revenue is currently generated under a revenue-share model. The remainder of our Operate Solutions revenue is generated primarily as usage-based revenue for various cloud-based products.

If we are not successful in retaining and attracting new customers to our Operate Solutions, our business and results of operations would be adversely affected. Revenue-share based usage from our monetization products currently accounts for a majority of our Operate Solutions revenue. Our customers depend on us as a source of their own revenue, which in some cases may represent a significant portion of their revenue.

Should customers lose confidence in the value or effectiveness of our monetization products, their usage could decline. Revenue growth from these products depends on our ability to continue to develop and offer effective features and functionality to help our customers drive value, which will require us to incur additional costs to implement.

Developing and implementing these features will require us to incur additional costs. In addition, our customers rely on us to attract a broad range of advertisers to our platform to generate demand for their impressions through our Unified Auction.

If we are unable to also serve the needs of advertisers, they may reduce their usage of our solutions and, because the advertising market is competitive, they may shift their business to other advertising solutions which could adversely affect our revenue.

A significant portion of the revenue generated from certain of these products in a given period can be driven by usage by customers with large numbers of end-users or high volume hosting requirements.

If our customers experience a decline in the rate at which end-users play their games, or if we are not able to replace customers who decrease or cease their usage of our solution with new customers with similar usage, our business may suffer. Table of Contents Operating system platform providers or application stores may change terms of service, policies or technical requirements to require us or our customers to change data collection and privacy practices, business models, operations, practices, advertising activities or application content, which could adversely impact our business.

We and our customers are subject to the standard policies and terms of service of the operating system platforms on which we create, run and monetize applications and content, as well as policies and terms of service of the various application stores that make applications and content available to end-users.

These policies and terms of service govern the promotion, distribution, content and operation generally of applications and content on such platforms and stores. An operating system platform or application store may also change its fee structure, add fees associated with access to and use of its platform, alter how customers are able to advertise on their platform, change how the personal or other information of its users is made available to application developers on their platform, limit the use of personal information for advertising purposes or restrict how end-users can share information on their platform or across other platforms.

In particular, operating system platform providers or application stores such as Apple or Google may change their technical requirements or policies in a manner that adversely impacts the way in which we or our customers collect, use and share data from end-user devices. Restrictions in our ability to collect and use data as desired could negatively impact our Operate Solutions as well as our resource planning and feature development planning for our software.

Similarly, at any time, these platform providers or application stores can change their policies on how our customers or we operate on their platform or in their application stores by, for example, applying content moderation for applications and advertising or imposing technical or code requirements. Actions by operating system platform providers or application stores such as Apple or Google may affect the manner in which we or our customers collect, use and share data from end-user devices.

We expect that Apple may implement these changes as early as fall of The timing and manner in which these plans will be implemented and the effect on our revenue are not yet clear, but these changes could adversely affect our revenue from our monetization products and potentially other Operate Solutions.

In addition, if customers have applications removed from these third-party platforms because of a change in platform guidelines that impact our code or practices, we could be exposed to legal risk and lose customers. In addition, these platforms could change their business models and could, for example, increase application store fees to our customers, which could have an adverse impact on our business. In some cases these requirements may not be clear and our interpretation of the requirements may not align with the interpretation of the operating system platform provider or application store, which could lead to inconsistent enforcement of these terms of service or policies against us or our customers, and could also result in the operating system platform provider or application store limiting or discontinuing access to its platform or store.

An operating system platform provider or application store could also limit or discontinue our access to its platform or store if it establishes more favorable relationships with one or more of our competitors or it determines that it is in their business interests to do so.

Table of Contents If we are unable to further expand into new industries, or if our solutions for any new industry fail to achieve market acceptance, our growth and operating results could be adversely affected, and we may be required to reconsider our growth strategy.

Our growth strategy is based, in part, on expanding into new industries beyond gaming, including architecture, engineering, construction, automotive, transportation, manufacturing, film, television and retail, and across use cases, including automobile and building design, online and augmented reality product configurators, autonomous driving simulation and augmented reality workplace safety training, among others. The market for interactive real-time 3D and 2D content in industries beyond gaming is in an early stage of development, and it is uncertain whether this market will develop as we expect, how rapidly it will develop and how much it will grow.

In addition, we have limited experience in addressing these markets and the investments that we are continuing to make to expand further into these markets may be ineffective. Our success in these markets will depend, to a substantial extent, on the widespread adoption of our platform as an alternative to existing solutions, such as traditional 2D and 3D modeling and rendering tools, or adoption by customers that are not currently using any software solutions.

Market acceptance of our platform in industries beyond gaming may not grow as we expect as a result of a number of factors, including the cost, performance and perceived value associated with our platform, our ability to adapt to the differing sales and marketing requirements appropriate to most effectively address these markets and our ability to develop or maintain integrations with strategic partners.

In addition, our ability to achieve widespread adoption of our platform in these markets may be affected by the entry and success of competitive products, including from larger competitors with greater resources that have historically addressed these markets with legacy products, and accordingly have more brand recognition in these markets.

If our platform does not achieve widespread adoption in these other markets, our ability to grow our revenue may suffer. In addition, the investments we make to grow our business by expanding into new industries will continue to increase our costs and operating expenses on an absolute basis. We expect to invest significant research and development resources to develop and expand the functionality of our Create and Operate Solutions to meet the needs of customers in these industries, and we will need to increase our sales and marketing, legal and compliance and other efforts as we seek to expand into new industries that require a different go-to-market strategy than the gaming industry.

These investments will occur in advance of our realization of significant revenue from such industries, particularly given that customers in these industries are typically enterprise customers with long contracting cycles, which will make it difficult to determine if we are allocating our resources effectively and efficiently. If the revenue we derive from these investments is not sufficient to achieve a return on investment, our business and results of operations would suffer.

Our business relies on strategic relationships with hardware, operating system, device, game console and other technology providers. We rely on strategic partnerships and other strategic relationships with hardware, operating system, device, game console and other technology providers in order to be able to offer our customers the ability to deploy their content on a variety of third-party platforms.

If any of these third parties were to suspend, limit or cease their operations or otherwise terminate their relationships with us, our results of operations could be adversely affected. We have entered into separate agreements with each of our strategic partners. The unfortunate curse of a personality as large as his is the silence that is left behind.

I would like to express my deepest condolences and send these words of comfort to his wife, Eleanor, and his children. A familiar and friendly face to many, Sharron turned 75 this year, and she credits her job with keeping her active and engaged with her friends and community. Sharron is the social connector for many seniors who live in the area.

She draws them in to socialize over coffee, food and great company. It is critical for seniors to stay healthy and remain involved in their communities. Two days shy of International Day of Older Persons, I was thrilled to present Sharron with two certificates, one commemorating her 75th birthday and the other acknowledging her incredible year career at McDonald’s.

He leaves behind two teenage children and will forever be remembered as a larger-than-life personality who got along with everyone and cared deeply for his community. Constable Travis Gillespie of the York Regional Police was killed in a collision with an alleged impaired driver on September Emergency services personnel around Canada put their lives on the line every day to protect their communities and keep Canadians safe.

As a retired police officer of the York Regional Police, and as someone who currently has a son-in-law in policing, I offer my sincere condolences to the families and friends affected by these tragedies. We will always remember their sacrifice. MPs are elected as members of a political party and sit as a caucus.

As such, each member has a tremendous amount of support when it comes to communications, but speakers leave those teams and can no longer count on that network, so the need to have an effective communications director is all the more important.

Heather was an absolute joy to work with. Her extensive knowledge of the precinct, members and historical precedence was invaluable. Her ability to interact with journalists, and the trust she had built with all parties over the years, was essential in assisting the Speaker as part of a non-partisan office in the backdrop of a highly partisan environment. I could always count on her for excellent advice, from issues of the board to the modernization of disclosure.

She was there for Parliament’s big move out of Centre Block, and, of course, the tragic shooting that occurred there. She was always calm, thoughtful and rational, and had an impeccable track record of honesty and transparency. I would like to thank Heather for her many years of service to Parliament, supporting speakers dating back to I also would like to thank her husband, Mike, and her boys, Nick, Jake and Sam, for lending her to us.

We are all the better for it. I wish her all the best in her retirement. Brewing beer here from locally grown barley and other grains predates Confederation by over years and remains a source of pride for Canadians as a symbol of Canada around the world.

Widely known as a drink of moderation and of social gatherings, beer helps bring neighbours together and is a part of celebrations of important life milestones. Canadian beer is now brewed from coast to coast to coast in communities large and small, and it is a true Canadian agri-food success story that should be celebrated and protected for future generations.

I say cheers to beer’s economic, social and community contributions, and happy Canadian Beer Day. Sharing a beer with one’s friends is one of life’s great pleasures, and it should remain an affordable activity for generations to come.

Sadly, this is no April Fool’s joke, but every April 1, our favourite pints will be hit with an automatic Liberal escalator tax. Even without a vote in this place, beer is going to get more expensive. Raise a glass and thank a Liberal for making it more expensive today.

People may not believe it, but it is Trudeau. If everyone would raise their glass, we will say cheers to the Liberals for making beer more expensive. The hon. Conservatives understand that when Fort McMurray works, Alberta works.

When Alberta works, Canada works. Only Conservatives are fighting for pipelines and energy corridors to secure the long-term viability of Alberta energy and to get Alberta energy to the world. Conservatives will repeal Liberal anti-energy laws and replace them with a law that will protect our environment, consult first nations and get things built. We will support economic reconciliation with indigenous communities and, within five years, we will set a goal to end dirty dictator oil in Canada altogether.

We will not back down from politicians in this country and in this chamber who seek to land-lock and firewall our energy, leaving our workers without jobs. Canada and the world need Alberta energy. In Montreal, I joined thousands on the streets who called for freedom and justice. Mahsa Amini was a vibrant year-old Iranian woman.

She was arrested by Iran’s morality police and died a short while after, while in custody. According to Amnesty International, more than 75 people have been killed. More than 1, have been arrested. The government has cut off Internet access. Iranians’ voices will not be silenced. They are being heard clearly and loudly across the globe. We must support them. We do support them in their struggle for freedom and justice. Words of empathy are not enough. As parliamentarians, we need to do better.

We must work in our constituencies to seek justice for Savanna and for all missing and murdered indigenous girls, women and two-spirit people. As parliamentarians, we need to take action. As parliamentarians, we all must take steps to end genocide. Conservatives are bringing hope to doctors, nurses and newcomers who are dreaming of coming to our country but are blocked from working in their profession simply because of the country they come from.

We will team up with the provinces to fix the broken foreign credential recognition system by guaranteeing within 60 days that immigrants applying for work in their profession will get an answer based on merit, not on their country of origin.

As Canada faces a labour shortage, we need to empower workers to fill the gaps in our workforce. Red tape and bureaucracy should not stop newcomers from achieving their dreams. Enough talking, enough empty rhetoric and enough broken promises. It is time to remove the gatekeepers and get more doctors, nurses, skilled workers and inflation-protected paycheques for our hard-working and skilled immigrants.

That person is Heather Bradley, Director of Communications at the Office of the Speaker, who is leaving us after 28 years of service to begin her well-deserved retirement. Throughout her time on Parliament Hill, Heather Bradley has served five Speakers over 10 parliaments. She has seen it all. Despite the often hectic pace of the House, she has been calm, competent and always kind. Our success as parliamentarians depends on the quality of the staff who support us.

Bradley was one of the best. I thank Heather for her service. She leaves behind a legacy of excellence and hundreds of grateful colleagues who will miss her. In my role, I was privileged to receive advice from Heather, a consummate professional with the gift of wisdom, intelligence and tact. Heather has that singular gift of great leadership to steer one in the right direction without feeling pushed in any way.

Under Heather’s leadership, we also achieved greater transparency and efficiency in our communications. She helped Speakers of the House fulfill their roles more effectively and become more informed about parliamentary procedure and traditions. Heather almost always had the answers, and if not, she knew exactly who to talk to. Her contact list was amazing, a veritable who’s who of Parliament Hill.

We thank Heather for her decades of service. We hope that retirement brings her time to enjoy her beautiful family and many friends, as well as time to reflect on the legacy of excellence, kindness and everything else that she brought to this place.

How much will groceries cost families when the Prime Minister implements his plan to triple the carbon tax again and again and again? How much will this family have to spend on carbon taxes when the Prime Minister triples them? He wants to triple the tax, increasing the cost for that farmer, who then has to pass it on to the customer.

It means that more of our food will be produced abroad and shipped up here, polluting more of our environment by shipping, training and trucking that food.

Again, will he answer the question? How much will this family have to spend on carbon taxes once he has tripled them? At the same time as we have moved forward with ensuring that it is not free to pollute anywhere in this country, we are putting more money back into average families’ pockets with the climate rebate. This is the focus we need to continue to have for Canadians.

If he cannot tell us how much the tax will cost, will he tell us how much carbon he emitted in the month of July when he was raising taxes? People know we need to take action on that, and that is exactly what this government has done by putting a price on pollution to ensure that it is no longer free to pollute anywhere in the country and by giving more money back to families that need it.

When is the Conservative leader going to get serious on climate change? Why does the Prime Minister want to drive prices and emissions up, and farm production and opportunity down? We are going to stay focused on fighting climate change and putting more money back into Canadians’ pockets. That is what Canadians expect. That is what we are going to keep doing. The Quebec government wants more power in matters of immigration, while some want all immigration powers and others, like us, want to have absolutely all the power, period.

Let us look at the first scenario, more powers in immigration. The Quebec lieutenant said yesterday that Quebec has all the powers it needs.

Meanwhile, the French language is in decline while English is flourishing. Does this government see that as a successful language policy for Quebec? With regard to immigration, Quebec already has all the tools it needs to increase francophone immigration, if it wants to do so. Quebec has those tools, and we will gladly work with that province to end the labour shortages and help communities grow while also protecting the French language.

Has he thought about discussing this with a premier who holds about three-quarters of the seats in Quebec rather than pretending to be his best friend from a distance? If Quebec wants to bring in more francophone immigrants, we are there to help. We know that businesses across Quebec are facing a labour shortage, we know that immigrants are needed for economic growth, and we also know that immigrants deeply enrich Quebec life.

We will always be there to work hand in hand to improve the lives of all Quebeckers. On the one hand, we have the Minister of Environment and Climate Change who wants to protect the profits of big oil companies, and, on the other hand, we have the CEO of Shell who says that, to help people, the government must force big oil companies to pay their fair share.

Those were the first things we did when we took office and it is what we have continued to do every day for the last seven years. We will always be there to ask for a little more from the wealthy, to help the middle class and to create more prosperity and more opportunities for all Canadians.

It was definitely not the leader of the Conservative Party. It was certainly not the Minister of Environment. It was the CEO of Shell. How is it possible that the CEO of Shell is more interested in helping people deal with the cost of fuel than the Prime Minister?

That is what Canada can do, and that is why we are going to ensure that successful corporations pay their fair share of taxes and that we continue to support low-income Canadians and middle-class Canadians, including with our measures on a GST rebate and our measures on rental and dental support for Canadians.

We look forward to working with all parties on those issues. What Canadians are continuing to see come out of Hockey Canada is absolutely unacceptable. Parents across the country, like me, who have had kids in hockey, families and young kids care about hockey in this country. We know that we need to see a better organization than that. Hockey Canada’s tone deafness to the fact that it has lost the confidence of Canadians needs to end, which is why we stopped funding it and why we are calling for change.

I am asking the Prime Minister why, for four years, the so-called feminist government did absolutely nothing when it had the power to do something and had the information in its hands.

Now, unlike what the Prime Minister is saying, that is not revenue-neutral. They will get pennies back through the Liberal rebate. I have heard from farmers across the country who have said that if the Liberals triple the carbon tax, it will bankrupt them.

Will the Prime Minister cancel his plans to triple this tax on Canadian farm families like Michel and Jeannette? On top of that, we are working with the agricultural industry, which recognizes how important it is to protect our environment and protect our planet. We are ensuring that families, including farm families, can continue to succeed in the coming years, even as we fight against climate change.

Does the Prime Minister understand that by tripling the carbon tax, the end result will be no fertilizer, no farms and no food? These two measures are concrete and will help Canadian families. Will he now support renters and the dental support that Canadians need? That is something tangible we should all be able to agree on. Across Quebec, families are cutting back on their groceries to pay for other bills.

The Prime Minister wants to triple the carbon tax, which will only increase these costs. They should also support our dental care benefit and our assistance for renters. We are here to help Canadians.

I would now ask the Conservatives whether they will also support our proposals to help low-income renters and help low-income families with dental care for their children. We know how meaningful this help will be for families.

Will the Conservatives finally support us on this? The humanitarian thing to do would be to have migrants come in through regular border crossings, not put them in handcuffs and expose them to human smugglers and criminals. Would it not be better to invest half a billion dollars or more to hire qualified staff at the Department of Immigration rather than spend it on walls? Would that not be the humanitarian thing to do rather than send them back or deport them after they have made a good life for themselves in Quebec or in Canada?

Every step of the way, we ensure respect for Canada’s foundational principles and values. We work with the U. When people come to Canada, we make sure we follow the rules and protect them at the same time. We are here to support Quebec, which is doing a lot of work in relation to Roxham Road.

We will always stand up for our values and our system. I will now talk about trios. In Quebec, there are now three big political players. On immigration and the French language, the Prime Minister is in the minority there too. Is Roxham Road not a humanitarian issue that sometimes gives the government ideological comfort when, in reality, it is a way of giving money and contracts to friends of the Liberal Party? Furthermore, they must not allude to the presence or absence of a member in the House.

We know that members sometimes have commitments outside the House. A member’s absence from the House does not mean that they are not doing their job; they may be fulfilling other responsibilities. The reality is that we have a labour shortage. We need to create population growth, and we will welcome even more immigrants.

The reality is that we must do so using a fair and rigorous system that is rooted in our values. That is what we always try to do. When they do triple the tax, how much will it cost across Canada to buy a litre of gas? How much will eastern Canadian rural families be forced to pay in higher taxes on their home heating when the Prime Minister triples the carbon tax? The fact is we need to continue to step up in the fight against climate change, which is something Conservative politicians do not seem to understand.

The model we have of putting a price on pollution returns more money every year to families who need it. That is the model we have. That is how we are helping Canadians as we fight climate change.

That is what our plan to fight climate change does. The Conservative Party chooses to deny that climate change exists and refuses to put forward a plan to fight climate change. That is not what Atlantic Canadians, or indeed any Canadians, need. Why does the Prime Minister want to drive pollution up, farm production out and jobs down?

That is why we need to be better stewards of the land all together, which is why we are moving forward with a strong plan to fight climate change that includes supports for farm families and supports for the agricultural industry as we reduce our reliance on fossil fuels and as we create good jobs and a good future for all Canadians. My question is to the Prime Minister.

Does he agree with the Bank of Canada that employers should not be increasing wages to keep up with inflation? We know that corporate greed is driving up the cost of living.

Will the Prime Minister tackle corporate greed? At the same time, in this House, we have a responsibility to be delivering for Canadians, which is why we are moving forward with a GST credit that is going to help millions of Canadian families, and moving forward with support for renters and dental support for low-income families that I certainly hope, like the NDP, the Conservatives will choose to support.

Can the Prime Minister please address why we need to fight climate change? In order for us to continue the fight against climate change, the leader of the Conservative Party needs to accept some core facts, like that climate change is real and we have to keep doing more to fight it. We will continue to hold this bloodthirsty regime to account as young Iranians, and people around the world with them, stand in defence of their fundamental rights and freedoms.

This group killed 55 Canadian citizens, whose only crime was to get on a plane, whereafter they were shot out of the sky by a terrorist organization that can still legally operate in Canada because the Prime Minister has not put it on the list of terrorists.

We will continue to sanction the leadership of the IRGC as we make sure that it is fully accountable for the crimes it is committing. The Prime Minister has as his primary job to protect our citizens. Fifty-five of them were murdered by this terrorist group, which shot their plane out of the sky, a civilian aircraft. Does the Prime Minister believe that the group that fired that missile and killed our people is a terrorist group, yes or no?

The Prime Minister has had 1, days to think about the answer. His officials informed him that this group murdered our citizens, yet by failing to list the group as terrorists, he is allowing it to raise money, coordinate, plan, operate and recruit right here on Canadian soil. It is not banned from doing any of those things. One last time, will the Prime Minister show some respect and actually answer a question? Is this a terrorist group, yes or no? We will continue to stand up in support of the Iranian people, who are so bravely contesting and protesting against this bloodthirsty regime.

The young women who are waving their hijabs in the face of these criminals and the strength that they are showing every single day in standing up for their rights is something that all Canadians stand with together. An independent inquiry would allow us to finally get to the bottom of this, as well as get some concrete recommendations that could apply to all sport federations.

Will the Prime Minister finally launch an independent inquiry, or does he want to continue to wait for the results of an internal investigation by a tone-deaf organization? It is inconceivable that Hockey Canada officials think they can continue to operate. All federal funding has been suspended. I think the only people who believe that Hockey Canada has any kind of future are the folks at Hockey Canada, because Canadians have completely lost faith in that organization.

Hockey Canada officials need to wake up and they need to stop doing their job. They must be replaced—. They have cut all ties, including financial, with Hockey Canada. The hope is that this will put pressure on the organization to clean house from the top down. The Prime Minister has to step up the pressure. In order to be credible, he must launch an independent, public inquiry into Hockey Canada’s handling of sexual misconduct complaints.

The top brass needs to know that everything they have done will be uncovered and made public. I am urging the Prime Minister to act. If he wants to clean house and get things done, when will he launch a real independent investigation? We will always be very clear that Hockey Canada’s actions have been unacceptable. The sooner they understand that it is time for them to get off the ice, the better for all our children who want to continue to play hockey, but whose parents no longer trust the organizations that are connected to Hockey Canada.

On the east coast, we are tough but people need this support now. When will the Prime Minister have a concrete plan for Atlantic Canadians? We will be there. We will be there to support Atlantic Canadians as I have said. We will be there across the board to support Atlantic Canadians. Margarets, CPC :. The Prime Minister 's sad, inadequate hurricane relief program would not even cover the cost of rebuilding wharves.

If the Prime Minister had a fisheries minister, he would know that the most immediate problem is income lost for lobster fishermen in the Northumberland Strait.

That is because the season is over now and they cannot fish again until the winter fishery. Why is there no immediate emergency income relief support for fishermen in Nova Scotia, P. What I have said repeatedly to Atlantic Canadians and to their premiers is that we are there as partners. We are flowing money now.

We will be flowing money for the years to come. The federal government is there to help rebuild. We will do everything necessary in order to get people’s lives back in order. That is the promise I made directly to folks on the ground.

That is a promise I am happy to repeat here in the House. Why is the current Prime Minister letting down Atlantic Canadians who have put so much trust in him? We will be there to help rebuild. Reports show that they are more likely to experience violence than any other Canadian. At yesterday’s gathering on Parliament Hill, families and survivors called on our government to support their healing and justice initiatives.

Could the hon. Prime Minister update us on what is being done to end this crisis? We will always stand with communities and families in responding to this crisis, and we will continue to work on concrete measures, while ensuring that our initiatives are trauma-informed and focused on those who are still suffering. We know the Liberals are soft on crime. Now we know they are also soft on terrorism, as the Liberals continue to let IRGC agents plan, organize and raise money here in Canada.

These are the same people who killed our people. The Prime Minister is denying victims of Iran’s brutal regime justice. Does he believe the IRGC is a terrorist organization, yes or no?

Over the past 1, days we have stood with the families of the victims of PS We will not rest until this regime is held to account for its bloodthirsty, murderous actions.

We will continue to work with the international community to get justice for the victims of PS and support for the families to hold this murderous regime to account. This is Mental Illness Awareness Week, and we need to talk about it. We need to do more. Can the Prime Minister tell us what the government will be doing to support Canadians’ mental health? Mental health care must be treated as an integral part of our universal health care system.

That is why we invested in a national suicide prevention service in crisis centres across the country. We are getting ready to launch the line next year. Our government will keep working with all our partners to improve mental health support services available to Canadians from coast to coast to coast. Instead of doing everything they can to ensure that no more lives are lost, the Liberals have been doing only the bare minimum.

They have spent only a fraction of the funding they promised for violence-prevention initiatives and have barely implemented the calls for justice from the MMIWG2S report. The Liberals have been in power now for seven years. When will they finally start delivering the justice indigenous women, girls and two-spirit folks deserve? We understand that there is always more to do. We will continue to work urgently on it alongside indigenous people.

Can the Prime Minister speak for all Canadians and officially, here in the House, call for all the Hockey Canada directors and executives to step down so that a real culture change can begin at this organization?

I know that in the coming days, more organizations will say enough is enough and will stop doing business with Hockey Canada. Maybe then Hockey Canada will realize that it is time to get off the ice. Sophie Chatel :. We have strong, capable women ministers, and the member for South Shore—St.

Margarets is saying that we do not have a fisheries minister. I am shocked. The member for Saanich—Gulf Islands is rising on a point of order. Elizabeth May :. I just want to remind everyone that when we are referring to each other, we should do so with respect and dignity so that we can keep decorum in this chamber and have Canadians respect the work we do for them.

The House resumed from October 4 consideration of the motion. The House divided on the motion, which was agreed to on the following division:. Division No. NAYS Nil. The House divided on the motion, which was negatived on the following division:. The House resumed from September 29 consideration of the motion that Bill C, An Act to amend the Criminal Code intimidation of health care professionals , be read the second time and referred to a committee.

The House resumed from October 3 consideration of the motion that Bill C, An Act to amend the Copyright Act diagnosis, maintenance and repair , be read the second time and referred to a committee. The Deputy Speaker :.

Accordingly, the bill stands referred to the Standing Committee on Industry and Technology. The sustainable development goals, which Canada has signed onto, specifically call for, in goal 5, gender parity and empowerment of all women and girls. The petitioners have a novel approach. They think, and propose to the House of Commons for our consideration, that only parties that have recognized the importance of full gender parity and have gender parity reflected in their slate of candidates in the upcoming election should be able to receive official party status.

By tying electoral success to the representation of women in this place, the petitioners believe we can finally confirm publicly, and make steps toward, reaching the goal of gender parity in the House of Commons by the year As I said in my speech on this matter last week, I truly believe that as a society we must find a way to give Canadians something without taking something away from others. The protection of conscience rights does just this by ensuring lawmakers can, in good conscience, give access to certain medical procedures without unjustly compromising the existing freedoms exercised by others.

Of course, Canadians are calling for protection because there are incidents of coercion or intimidation with regard to medical assistance in dying and making sure that those services are provided. Not every practitioner should be obliged or forced to make this recommendation, so Canadians are calling for their protection going forward. The petitioners are asking that subsection 2 a of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms, which protects freedom of conscience, be respected in this regard.

The first is a petition calling on the Parliament of Canada to enshrine in the Criminal Code the protection of conscience rights for physicians and other medical professionals regarding coercion or intimidation over participating in medical assistance in dying. The petitioners note that coercion, intimidation or other forms of pressure intended to force physicians and health care workers to become parties in assistance in dying is a violation of the fundamental freedom of conscience, and that subsection 2 a of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms protects freedom of conscience.

The petitioners are petitioning Health Canada to review the fact that it is banning the use of strychnine, especially while there is no suitable replacement for this important tool that farmers have for controlling the population of Richardson’s ground squirrels. When it is used properly, strychnine is the most effective, efficient and economical means to deal with this particular issue. Petitioners note that coercion, intimidation and other forms of pressure intended to force physicians and health care workers to become parties in euthanasia are a violation of their fundamental freedom of conscience.

They also note that section 2 a of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms protects freedom of conscience. Albert—Edmonton, CPC :. With the first petition the petitioners are expressing concern with the recent Supreme Court decision of Bissonnette, in which the court struck down consecutive parole ineligibility periods, a law passed by the previous Harper Conservative government to ensure that the worst of the worst killers never see the light of day.

They note that the government has tools at its disposal and are calling on the government to use those tools, most specifically the invocation of the notwithstanding clause, to override what they consider to be an unjust decision.

They call on the government to reform drug policy, to decriminalize simple possession and to provide a path for the expungement of conviction records for those convicted of simple possession. They ask the government, with urgency, to implement a health-based national strategy for providing access to a regulated and safer supply of drugs and to expand trauma-informed treatment, recovery and harm-reduction services and public education and awareness campaigns throughout Canada.

The petitioners, who come from across Canada, are concerned about doctors and health care professionals who might be coerced into engaging or supporting euthanasia against their conscience. They want these conscience rights and second options to be protected. The petitioners note that doctors deserve freedom of conscience and that the Canadian Medical Association has confirmed that conscience protection would not be a limit to their use.

The petitioners also describe how, during the Special Joint Committee on Physician-Assisted Dying, witnesses stated that conscience rights should be protected by the government in the response to the Carter decision. The petitioners are calling on Parliament to enshrine in the Criminal Code protection of conscience rights for physicians and health care workers from coercion or intimidation, so that they would not have to provide or refer for assisted suicide or euthanasia.

I am pleased to be presenting a petition in support of an initiative from my colleague that we just voted on. Unfortunately it was voted down, but I was pleased that all Conservative members stood strong in support of protecting conscience rights. This petition recognizes conscience protections that exist in our charter and, at the same time, the reality that in certain provinces, substantively, conscience is not actually protected, in that physicians may be forced to refer for or provide services that go against their deeply held conscientious beliefs.

Whether those beliefs have their origin in a faith tradition or they do not have their origin in a faith tradition, protection of conscience should be available for all, regardless of the origin or philosophical basis of those beliefs.

Petitioners want to call on Parliament to enshrine in the Criminal Code the protection of conscience for physicians and health care workers from coercion or intimidation to refer for or provide assisted suicide or euthanasia. It also found that fewer than one in three people with current mental health concerns and fewer than one in four with problematic substance use are accessing services.

The report identified the key barriers to accessing services: financial constraints, not having readily available help, not knowing how and where to get help, and long wait lists. The report identified financial concerns as a top stressor during the pandemic and discussed the links of income and unemployment with mental health concerns.

With the rapidly rising cost of living and speculation of an impending recession, there is a real risk that the mental health and substance use crisis will worsen in the months ahead. We also know that medical professionals have been raising the alarm for months that our health care system is on the brink of collapse.

As we head into colder months, when the burden on hospitals and health care workers is expected to increase, a worsening mental health and substance use crisis will only push our health care system closer to the edge. As such, I believe an urgent debate by parliamentarians is warranted on the steps that should be taken to support the mental health of Canadians and reduce the social and economic impacts of this crisis.

Resuming debate, the hon. Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister of Natural Resources. We know on this side of the House that Canadians are having a difficult time right now. Many of them are certainly feeling the rising cost of living, no matter where they live in this country. Those living in the north are probably seeing those costs escalate at a higher rate and by a larger margin, as many others in northern Canada can attest, but it is happening throughout the country, whether it is higher food prices or higher prices on other commodities, especially building materials, for example.

I have heard so many people talk about not being able to do maintenance and repairs on their homes because of the doubling and tripling costs of building materials. I have heard many stories from families living on low incomes, who are having difficulty meeting the food security needs within their families. The one we hear quite often is the rising cost of fuel services, vehicles and the purchasing of all commodities in people’s lives.

For those who travel because they have kids who participate in many events across the country, in sports, in theatre and in student exchanges, participation in all of these things is costing more every single day. We know that affordability is getting more difficult for many families, but we also know there is a limit as a government in terms of what we can do. We have introduced targeted measures that we hope will make it a little easier for so many families in this country. One of them that I want to talk about today is the doubling of the GST credit for six months, as is proposed in this bill.

By doing that, we are allowing many families with lower incomes to have extra money that will enable them to meet some of the demands and needs for household costs they are currently having to deal with.

I know, for example, there are many families across my riding, especially many seniors, who are on the low-income spectrum and having to run their homes and families. I know this will make a huge difference for them. Having that extra money coming in over that six-month period will certainly help them get to where they need to be. This will help them through this critical period of time, and it is a necessary investment by the government right now.

I know we often take tremendous criticism on this side of the House for investing in programs that are supporting food security, heat security, children and families, but we do not make any apologies for this, because we know that in the time we are in, this financial assistance is totally necessary.

I hear from so many seniors in my riding who live on low incomes and are experiencing challenges with the higher food prices and with the ordinary cost of running their homes. I know this plan of doubling the GST credit for the next six months is going to make a huge difference to them. The other thing we are doing with the cost of living relief act is that we would bring in the Canada dental benefit.

This is a benefit that would allow many families who have no health insurance coverage for dental care to get the dental services they need for their children under the age of Those children would be able to access dental services as a result of this legislation.

This would start this year. The next phase of the program would ensure seniors have dental coverage and that other Canadians have the coverage they need for dental care, depending on their income levels. It is expected that under this particular program over , Canadian children would benefit.

I know a lot of people are wondering how the benefit would work, how it would be paid out and how long it would take for the first stage of the government’s plan to deliver coverage for families and get to the next level of care, which would be for seniors. I want to confirm the provinces and territories and private industry have all been engaged with regard to timelines, the longevity of the program and how it would roll out.

The government remains committed to implementing this dental care program. This is going to have a huge impact on many families and children. I remember growing up in the north in a community with no dental services, and we had to fly out for those services.

If a child would go to a hospital with a toothache, the first thing they would do is pluck the tooth and not provide any other dental care. We have moved way beyond that in Canada. Looking after the dental needs of kids helps prevent other diseases and illnesses. I know I am going to run out of time but I would like to tell a very short story. A lady was having many problems with her back, and doctors could not figure out what it was.

They eventually determined she had a disease of her teeth and gums that was affecting all her body and causing infections that were causing so many other illnesses. It just goes to show that, if a person looks after their teeth and their dental hygiene, it can provide much better health outcomes for children and for all people in the population. These are good moves that help with affordability for many families. I hope my colleagues will support the bill. I want to know what the parliamentary secretary thinks of that particular concern that Canadians have raised.

Yvonne Jones :. What I can say is that, from our projections, this will be able to support about 11 million Canadians with regard to additional income under the GST program. This is a fairly simple bill that gets right to the point. I think it is a good measure that will in fact give low-income Canadians a break in this time of inflation. My colleague spoke of seniors in her speech. We know that retired seniors are on a fixed income and that those who have a very low income receive the guaranteed income supplement.

I would like to know if my colleague thinks it would be a good idea not to reduce this benefit payment so seniors can get a break. First of all, for any seniors who are under the threshold, in terms of what their supplementary allowances provide them in Canada based on their incomes, it did not change. While there was extra money paid out and extra benefits paid out, most of the people who were impacted were people who had other smaller pensions coming in from the side, so their cumulative income reached a different threshold level with that bump in payment.

What I can say is that very few seniors in this country who are dependent upon supplementary benefits have any room at all to make adjustments in their budgets. Their incomes are very fixed and they have very little room in terms of other escalating costs that may be happening in their lives. I think increasing the GST for many of these people will be a tremendous help for them, going forward. It is great in this House to see the Liberals come on board and support the doubling of the GST tax credit.

Even the Conservatives and the Bloc, all parties, are getting on board so this is an exciting moment. My colleague talked about dental care, which she voted against a year ago. It is great to hear the Liberals get on board with dental care. We need a health care system that is head to toe.

Mental health is health. One out of three did not even access care because they could not afford it or could not get access to it. I also want to say that I support the bill that is here today. I supported the motion at the time because I know the need for dental care in the riding that I represent and in many other northern and rural ridings across Canada.

I know how important it is for families to have that kind of treatment for their children, and I am happy to support the bill that is before us today.

We have been living through unprecedented times for a little over two years now. Certainly, this is not the first pandemic. The last one was a hundred years ago. Of course, this is not the first war humans have experienced. Moreover, this is not the first inflationary crisis we have lived through. However, it is the first time that those three elements have overlapped, and during the communication age no less.

The pandemic seems to have been the catalyst that exposed global weaknesses in the supply chain, dependence on foreign production and flaws in long-term political vision.

This was compounded by the war in Ukraine, yet that is not the only war being fought. There are other wars in other countries, in different forms, with serious repercussions for the people. However, the war in Ukraine is putting additional pressure on supply chains, especially agricultural and food supply chains. That pressure is aggravating situations that were already tragic in a number of countries, such as those in Africa. In Canada, that pressure is felt in the form of higher prices, such as input prices for farmers and consumer prices for ordinary Canadians.

I could cite a long list of elements that led to the current inflationary crisis, given that inflation is a fairly complex phenomenon that is never caused by only one or two factors.

Just the same, before I begin, I would like to highlight one other factor that increases the pressure on Canadian households. The rise in the cost of housing, whether one is purchasing or renting, is not inconsequential. It is the result of an increase in population, both in Quebec and in Canada, and of a decrease in the amount of social and affordable housing being built.

I am talking about housing such as co-operatives, low-income housing and other models that can be found in Quebec, in particular. To recap, I would say that the current inflationary situation has a direct link to Maslow’s hierarchy of needs. As such, it is important to implement solutions with a positive long-term vision. We need solutions that are sustainable and predictable, but also flexible.

We must not forget that the current situation is having repercussions now and that it will continue for a long time if nothing is done. It will have repercussions on the health care system, on the workplace and in community settings.

While we all aspire to reach the top of Maslow’s hierarchy of needs, in other words, meeting our need for accomplishment through self-actualization, by achieving our full potential and our creativity, the current situation directly attacks the first two steps of the pyramid that are physiological needs, or basic needs, and the need for security.

A society has everything to gain by ensuring that the majority of its population reaches the last steps of Maslow’s pyramid, the need for esteem and the need for accomplishment.

I say the majority because in a person’s life there is always a moment or a situation that brings them back to the physiological needs, the need for affection and the need for security.

However, in a strong society, that person can overcome adversity to reach the upper levels, esteem and self-actualization, again. Society has everything to gain, because people who meet their need for esteem and self-actualization tend to be engaged in all the spheres of their lives, professional, social and family. They are happier and healthier, and they take better care of themselves and their loved ones.

That directly relieves some of the strain on the health care system and positively impacts workplaces and, by extension, GDP and productivity. In addition, if we spend less on health care, we can spend more on the second-biggest item in any government’s budget: education.

A population that achieves esteem and self-actualization is a population that strongly values all forms of education and invests in its education system to enable future generations to achieve esteem and self-actualization too. The pandemic first attacked the middle part of the hierarchy, in other words, love and belonging.

Think of the children and seniors who felt lonely and isolated. Think of the adults who get their sense of self from their jobs or their sporting activities, but they too found themselves stuck at home alone. After that, the pandemic and inflation combined to attack people’s safety needs and essential needs.

Here are the repercussions of that: People are exhausted and stressed by the fear of not being able to make ends meet; children are just as anxious because they sense their parents’ stress better than anyone else, even though kids try to hide their stress and its causes from their parents.

Parents usually try to preserve their kids’ innocence and the beauty and generosity of childhood. The current solution of increasing the GST credit alleviates the stress of people who face the prospect of not being able to meet their basic needs. The fact remains that it is a temporary measure, yet it can do some good, especially as people must purchase necessities for the approaching winter season.

However, the current situation will have short-, medium- and long-term impacts. We must have a medium- to long-term vision when implementing solutions. If not, there will be dramatic repercussions for the health and education systems, work environments, communities and community organizations. We cannot let people become overwhelmed by the stress of seeking the means to meet basic needs and the need for safety.

I will come back once again to Maslow’s hierarchy. To make it possible for people to reach the higher levels of the pyramid by meeting their physiological needs, safety needs, need for love and belonging, we must have a holistic vision and work on the root causes of the problems in order to find lasting solutions. I would like to humbly and simply list some potential solutions.

Unfortunately, I do so without explaining them, but we could talk about this further. I simply want to provide some food for thought. Since , , social housing units should have been built every year, but they were not. We need to increase funding so we can make up for some of that delay, which has a direct impact on the current price of housing.

Quebec and Canada are welcoming places. Newcomers must have access to adequate housing, without forcing us to neglect the desperate needs of First Nations or of other segments of the population who have been in Canada for years or even decades. For this type of housing, it makes more sense for projects to be overseen by community organizations whose mission is to provide relief to people, instead of by companies whose mission is only to make a profit.

As we have been saying for a long time, inflation has a direct impact on people with fixed incomes. There are those over the age of 75, but there are also those aged 65 to 74, and we must enable them to catch up with inflation and access a tax credit that would allow them, if they so wish, to go back to work and earn a little more, without having their guaranteed income supplement or pension clawed back.

We must also think about developing our regions. Canada is full of beautiful regions to discover, and we must develop them. To do this, we need better means of transportation.

It would be wonderful if we had a railway system worthy of the 21st century, not the 19th century. We need companies that will settle in our regions and young people who want to follow them to take advantage of tax credits for new graduates who go work in the regions. I would also like to see an energy transition that allows people to have electricity and heating without falling prey to speculation.

In short, the GST payment is a good thing at this point in time. However, as elected officials, we have a duty to protect the dignity of the less fortunate. It is both possible and necessary to do so in the long term. As elected officials, we must stop thinking only in terms of polls, the next election or the issues of the day.

There is no one issue, as the member rightfully said, that causes inflation. We could talk about the war in Europe, the pandemic or supply issues.

There is a number of factors to it. Canada is doing relatively well in comparison to other countries. Having said that, there is a need for us to respond. Bill C is one of three pieces. There is Bill C , the next one is Bill C , for the dental and rent subsidies, and then we also have the disability legislation. I am wondering if the member could provide her thoughts on the other two pieces of legislation, because they complement this particular piece and indirectly, if not directly, deal with some of her other concerns.

Julie Vignola :. What I am really concerned about, in the discussion around people who need help, are workers and ensuring seniors get the help they need. I have heard the member speak in support of getting seniors the help they need. Most seniors do not have enough money saved and they rely on CPP. We are hearing Conservatives fighting against increases to the CPP, calling it a payroll tax, when in fact it is ensuring that people who are retiring have retirement security.

It is deferred wages. Would my hon. Quebec’s and Canada’s pension funds are there for people who have worked hard their whole lives to raise their kids and put food on the table. They may not have been able to save money, or if they did, they had to withdraw it because they went through tough times. That is why the Canada pension plan exists.

It enables people to save without really thinking about it. It is necessary. It is essential. It is no more a tax than our RRSPs are. My question has to do with temporary foreign workers. Quebec has jurisdiction over labour matters. Each sector is analyzed to determine labour needs, but the temporary foreign workers program comes under Ottawa’s jurisdiction. It is appalling. You have to knock on one door and then another and another.

It is ridiculous. What is not essential during a labour shortage is forcing businesses to conduct studies to prove that their employees are essential. Make no mistake, they are essential. People from other countries are not brought in if they are not needed. Quebec needs to have full jurisdiction over foreign workers. I feel privileged to rise to speak to Bill C and other pertinent essential measures that I will be commenting on in the House.

We have already seen many businesses close down, while others have decided to reduce their hours or have been forced to raise the price of their services considerably. There is also the price of gas, which automatically increases transportation and supply costs. Then there is inflation, rising poverty and the feeling that the more things change, the more they stay the same. Within these walls, which insulate us from the realities of everyday life, it can seem like an abstract notion.

However, I can confirm that it is very real and palpable within our communities. In addition, there are the so-called multiplier effects, such as the shortcomings of the EI system. It is giving many dedicated workers nightmares right now. For the past few weeks, seasonal workers, such as those who work in tourism, have been watching as their employers shut down their businesses temporarily or, even worse, permanently. Some will face this reality in the coming days.

Companies may be forced to significantly reduce their activities due to a dearth of tourists. Employees, qualified and competent people, will now be deprived of the special assistance received during the pandemic and will return to square one.

Worse still, they will return to where they were left before the pandemic, with employment insurance eligibility criteria that disqualify many seasonal workers. These people who have been without work for several months nonetheless stay in the region.

They stay and they buy local products with that EI money. Without that, they would have to relocate to urban centres to find permanent employment. They will no longer receive EI despite being involuntarily without work or unable to find another job, even though the employer and the employee paid into the fund. Many are unable to fill vacancies in the regions because their location makes transportation extremely difficult or because their experience and diploma do not correspond to the jobs that are available.

A housekeeping employee in a seasonal hotel cannot be asked to work on the snow cannons at a ski resort. Some things cannot be done. There are situations where it is just not possible. It is simply awful to ask Canadians to find work 70 kilometres from home while starving them, when they have no means of buying a car and there is no public transit in the community.

There are many major repercussions. Let us imagine if all these people in the regions, forced by the government’s indifference and unwillingness to adapt employment insurance criteria to the realities of the regions, leave their region, their home, their social and family life to move closer to the major centres to find non-seasonal work. How would the seasonal tourism businesses make up for that exodus of qualified workers?

Whatever happens, businesses, no matter how dynamic, would close their doors due to a labour shortage. Without urgent action by the minister, those workers will leave our regions. The closing of tourism businesses, or a change in their vocation, is the death of a fundamental part of regional vitality. Let us call a spade a spade. Although there is resilience, and there is even more in the regions, it has its limits.

It can no longer be counted on. Some may want to come relax in the magnificent nature of our beautiful regions in a small cozy accommodation with personalized comfort and a very gourmet meal. I can tell them that it will no longer be as possible if the minister does not recognize seasonal work.

It is over. It is serious, sad and deplorable, from an economic and human standpoint. It is even more so when we consider the principle of EI, which is a fund that workers and employers pay into, and realize that it is government management that is failing. Think of the competent and indispensable hotel housekeeper who cannot turn into a snow cannon operator, or a sommelier who cannot turn into a line worker, or a single mother who needs a job to provide for her family and who cannot work the night shift as a personal support worker, but who could work at a restaurant during the day, even if it is only seasonal work.


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